Archives for the month of: April, 2012

fisherman for life.


Solar Water Heaters in Palau: A review on its renewable energy applications.

From Laiakini Waqanisau, Energy and Environment Section, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Suva, Fiji
Posted 20 January 2012
Greetings colleagues,

I am Laiakini Waqanisau, an environment associate with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the Energy and Environment section. I am working on the three year Palau Sustainable Economic Development through Renewable Energy Applications (SEDREA) project, along with the UNDP Energy Specialist –Thomas Jensen, and a SEDREA Mid-Term Review Consultant – Frank Pool. A brief overview of the project is available at

The SEDREA project is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) with the Palau Energy Office (Ministry of Public Infrastructure, Industries and Commerce), National Development Bank of Palau (NDBP) and Palau Power Utility Corporation (PPUC) as its key implementing partners. The project is intended to contribute to the reduction in Palau’s consumption of imported fossil fuel through the widespread application of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs). To achieve this, one of the components of the project, focuses on the use of solar water heaters.

One of the priorities for the project is to support the identification, purchase, and installation of standard demonstration solar water heaters in residential and commercial developments in Palau. A key issue that needs to be addressed for the successful use of solar water heaters in Palau is how to handle the plumbing standards. Palau utilises U.S. imperial plumbing standards, fittings and generally mains pressure layouts. Inexpensive Chinese solar water heaters designs account for nearly 75% of global solar water heater sales and installations but these designs generally use metric plumbing fittings, low pressures, thermosyphon fed hot water tanks, and do not have electric back up which is incompatible in Palau’s case.

Given this situation, we are seeking guidance from CCD Community members on the following:
• What is your advice and/or experience on how to use commercially available solar water heaters in residential and commercial developments?
• If you have any experience in using solar water heaters that are compatible with U.S. style mains pressure applications, what has been your experience using them?

We would be very grateful if you could share your experiences with us and we look forward to your inputs.

Seeing the Way You’re Seen.

Business ethics and family business

Morality can be defined as the principles that an individual or a group has about what is right and wrong or good and evil.

How can we distinguish moral principles from barometers that are not moral?

* The main aim of ethics is to construct a body of rules which a person feels reasonable to hold based on careful thought.

* Ethics is the activity of examining the significance a society or of an individual. Whether the standards are reasonable or not and how to apply the same in particular situations are examined by ethicist.

* While at a Family Business it is important to know about Business Ethics which is an inquiry of ethics in the field of business.

* Business Ethics mainly concentrates on maxim that: a business, organizations, and

3.individuals within the business organizations and

4.individuals who deal with business organizations have to evaluate and follow in their day to day dealings and decisions.

* Business Ethics is studied at three levels:




Systemic issues deal with economic, political, legal, and other related systems within which production and distribution activities are carried out. Issues like capitalism, regulation of business also are related to systemic ethics.

Corporate concerns and corporate citizens issues fall under the category of corporate ethics.

Individual Ethics is more concerned with Moral reasoning, wherein actions are judged with reference to moral standards. It involves knowledge of moral standard and knowing whether situation needs the application of moral standards or not.

*Moral reasoning needs to be logical, accurate, relevant and complete. Consistency in the moral standards is essential.

Ethicist suggests five characteristics to identify moral standards.

1. Rules that deal with matters which people think can seriously injure or seriously benefit human beings.

2. Standards are not established or changed by political or legal authoritative bodies. The validity of moral standards rests on the adequacy of the reasons.

3. Principles are preferred to other standards including even self-interest when choice is there.

4. Precepts are impartial. They are based on impartial reasons that an impartial observer would accept.

5. Morality is associated with special emotions. When people act in violation of a moral standard, they feel guilty, ashamed, and remorseful.

Please feel free to visit Family Business Battleground for more on family business. is one such Stop Shop to share your emotions, problems and ideas related to Family Owned Businesses. Visit Family Business Battleground to share more ideas on family business.

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The Blog

 We know many of you love your blogs, and gleefully publish photos and posts without thoughts to reuse your work in other forms. But we know some wonder: could this be a book? Recently we wrote about how a blogger scored a book deal for You Are Not So Smart. But what if you want to do it all yourself?

As a blogger who has authored several successful books with publishers, and who works on, I recently self-published a book based entirely on posts from my blog. I wanted to see what I could learn, and I’m here to share it all with you.

The book I self-published is called Mindfire: Big Ideas for Curious Minds. It’s a collection of my best essays from my WordPress blog at, where I write about ideas, creativity and leadership. The book has done well, and has often been…

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